WASHINGTON — Seven Saudis concerned within the killing of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi belonged to an elite unit charged with defending Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in line with a declassified report on the assassination launched on Friday. The New York Occasions has linked the group to a brutal marketing campaign to crush dissent inside the dominion and overseas, citing interviews with American officers who’ve learn categorised intelligence experiences in regards to the marketing campaign.
The function of operatives from the so-called Speedy Intervention Power, or R.I.F., within the Khashoggi killing helped bolster the American intelligence case that Prince Mohammed authorised the operation. “Members of the R.I.F. wouldn’t have participated” within the killing with out the crown prince’s consent, in line with the report.
The group “exists to defend the crown prince” and “solutions solely to him” the report stated, and on Friday, the Treasury Division designated the Speedy Intervention Power for financial sanctions for its function within the Khashoggi killing.
Right here is a few of what’s identified in regards to the unit:
The killing of Mr. Khashoggi was however one notably egregious operation involving members of the group. The Speedy Intervention Power seems to have begun its violent marketing campaign in 2017, the 12 months when Prince Mohammed pushed apart his older rival to develop into inheritor to the Saudi throne.
In accordance with American officers, the group has carried out dozens of operations each inside the dominion and past — together with forcibly repatriating Saudis from different Arab international locations. The group additionally seems to have been concerned within the detention and abuse of outstanding ladies’s rights activists who had campaigned for lifting the dominion’s ban on ladies driving. Certainly one of them, Loujain al-Hathloul, was imprisoned in 2018 and released solely this month.
One other of the ladies detained by the group, a college lecturer, tried to kill herself in 2018 after being subjected to psychological torture, in line with American officers. A number of the detainees had been held briefly inside an opulent palace belonging to Prince Mohammed and his father, King Salman.
The group was so busy that, in June 2018, its subject commander requested an adviser to Prince Mohammed whether or not the Speedy Intervention Power would possibly get bonuses for Eid al-Fitr, the vacation marking the tip of the holy month of Ramadan, in line with American officers who’ve learn an intelligence report that mentions the request.
Management and Operatives
The group was overseen by Saud al-Qahtani, one of many crown prince’s prime aides who served as a media czar for the Royal Courtroom. Certainly one of Mr. al-Qahtani’s roles was to handle the dominion’s “troll farms” — organizations that used legions of online bots and avatars to smother the voices of outstanding critics like Mr. Khashoggi. The intelligence report launched on Friday made reference to a 2018 quote from Mr. al-Qahtani that he “didn’t make choices with out the crown prince’s approval.”
American officers stated the sector commander for the Speedy Intervention Power was Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, an intelligence officer who typically traveled abroad with Prince Mohammed. One other operative on the staff, Thaar Ghaleb al-Harbi, was a member of the Saudi Royal Guard who in 2017 was promoted for acts of valor throughout an assault on one in every of Prince Mohammed’s palaces.
The declassified report on Friday named all three males as a part of a bunch of 21 individuals who “participated in, ordered or had been in any other case complicit in or chargeable for the loss of life of Jamal Khashoggi” on behalf of the crown prince.
The Saudi authorities has lengthy denied that Prince Mohammed had any function in Mr. Khashoggi’s killing, and it put eight males on trial for it. The federal government by no means launched the names of the accused.
In September, a Saudi court docket introduced that 5 of the boys had been sentenced to twenty years in jail, and three others acquired lesser sentences. A number of the defendants had initially acquired loss of life sentences, however these sentences had been lifted after one in every of Mr. Khashoggi’s sons stated publicly that he and his siblings had pardoned the boys who killed their father.
It was unclear whether or not any members of the Speedy Intervention Power had been placed on trial or sentenced, however Mr. al-Qahtani was publicly exonerated by the Saudi authorities as a result of prosecutors stated there was inadequate proof to strive him in Mr. Khashoggi’s killing.