Congrats on getting your COVID-19 vaccine! You qualify as absolutely vaccinated two weeks after your second dose of the Moderna or Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, or two weeks after your single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, in accordance with the US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).

Possibly you’re questioning what you’ll be able to safely do now that you simply’re absolutely vaccinated. As an infectious illness specialist, I’ve supplied solutions to some frequent questions. Please understand that details about COVID-19 and vaccines is evolving, and proposals could change as we be taught extra.

Can I collect with individuals outdoors my family who are also absolutely vaccinated?

Sure, for those who and your folks or household are absolutely vaccinated, gathering in small teams with out masks is taken into account low-risk. Though it’s doable that people who find themselves absolutely vaccinated may nonetheless unfold the virus, the vaccines are wonderful at defending you from extreme sickness, hospitalization, and dying on account of COVID-19.

Hopefully, we are able to begin to view COVID-19 like influenza: the flu vaccine reduces flu severity and reduces your probabilities of going to the hospital for pneumonia, however doesn’t fully get rid of the virus.

No matter your vaccination standing, for those who expertise COVID-19 symptoms, it is best to keep away from shut interactions with others. When you have examined constructive for COVID-19 within the prior 10 days earlier than a deliberate go to, it is best to chorus from visiting others.

Can I see household and associates who don’t but have the vaccine, and socialize with out my masks if I’m absolutely vaccinated?

The danger that you’ll develop COVID-19 is low in case you are vaccinated and attend a gathering indoors with others who usually are not vaccinated. Nevertheless, please bear in mind which you could doubtlessly unfold the virus to others. Vaccination doesn’t fully protect you from turning into contaminated with the virus; it simply lessens signs and severity of illness. So, it’s doable that you might haven’t any signs or solely very gentle signs, and nonetheless move the virus to your loved ones and associates who usually are not but vaccinated.

The new recommendations under are primarily based on the vaccination standing of your self and your loved ones members or associates. As we be taught extra, these suggestions could change.

If you’re absolutely vaccinated and visiting absolutely vaccinated household or associates:

  • Indoor visits with out masks are okay and certain low-risk.

If you’re absolutely vaccinated and visiting wholesome however not but vaccinated individuals ages 64 or youthful dwelling in a single family:

  • Indoor visits with out masks are okay and certain low-risk. Though spreading the virus continues to be doable, the danger of wholesome — and significantly youthful — people growing extreme COVID-19 is low.
  • Remember that if older individuals do get COVID-19, their threat for hospitalization and dying is far larger than the danger for youthful individuals. A 60-year-old has a better threat than a 50-year-old, and a 50-year-old is at larger threat than a 40-year-old. Be taught extra on this CDC page explaining risks by age group.

If you’re absolutely vaccinated and visiting a single family of household or associates who usually are not but vaccinated, and are in danger for extreme COVID-19 on account of age (65 or older) or well being circumstances, reminiscent of most cancers, diabetes, coronary heart illness, sickle cell illness, or other specific conditions:

  • All of it is best to put on well-fitted masks and keep six ft away from one another when indoors. If doable, maintain the go to open air or in a well-ventilated house to scale back threat.

Mixing two or extra households which have individuals who aren’t but vaccinated raises the danger for getting the virus that causes COVID-19 for anybody who isn’t vaccinated.

Usually, the more closely people interact and the longer they spend with others, the upper the danger of getting or spreading the virus, in accordance with the CDC.

When doable, everybody gathering for a go to can decrease threat additional by avoiding contact with individuals outdoors their family for 14 days earlier than a go to, and/or by getting tested for the virus.

What if my accomplice or individuals in my family aren’t vaccinated?

You are able to do your half to assist preserve your accomplice or family members who haven’t but been vaccinated secure. Though it is probably not possible to put on a masks or keep at a distance inside the home, you’ll be able to preserve these strict measures outdoors of the house. This can assist to scale back your probability of publicity to the virus, and thus lower the danger of passing the virus to your accomplice or family members. Your unvaccinated accomplice or housemates ought to abide by the identical tips: put on a well-fitted masks, wash fingers incessantly, preserve bodily distance, and keep away from crowds in locations outdoors of the house.

Can I journey for leisure or pleasure?

Presently it is best to keep away from pointless journey, and solely go to individuals close by as a result of instances of COVID-19 are nonetheless excessive. Touring by air, bus, or practice places you involved with many individuals and will increase threat of transmission. The vaccines don’t supply 100% safety. We should preserve warning, particularly as we be taught extra about variants of concern and the way a lot the vaccine protects in opposition to these strains.

And as acknowledged earlier than, you can also put others in danger and unfold the virus, even in case you are protected your self.

What precautions ought to I proceed taking? Is it true that folks have to proceed sporting masks in public?

Many extra individuals should be vaccinated earlier than we obtain ample group immunity. Till that occurs, you continue to can move the virus to others, even in case you are absolutely vaccinated. Subsequently, to maintain others secure and cut back the general unfold of the virus, you are able to do your half by sporting a well-fitted masks in public areas, sustaining bodily distance, washing fingers incessantly, and avoiding massive crowds.

When can I am going to a restaurant, live performance, or sports activities occasion?

As famous, the bigger the occasion or gathering, the extra threat you soak up exposing your self to the virus and/or spreading the virus to others. Indoor eating at eating places is lower-risk for vaccinated people, in contrast with attending a big indoor live performance. No matter threat stage, in any public setting, you are able to do your half by sporting a well-fitted masks, observing distancing, washing your fingers, and avoiding crowds.

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