Bolivia’s former interim president, Jeanine Añez, mentioned Friday that she and a number of other allies face arrest following the issuance of a warrant accusing her of terrorism and sedition in reference to the 2019 ouster of her predecessor, former president Evo Morales.

“The political persecution has begun,” wrote Ms. Añez on Twitter, alongside a picture of the warrant. Bolivia’s legal professional normal declined to substantiate the authenticity of the doc.

Bolivia has been mired in political turmoil since late 2019, when Mr. Morales, a divisive and transformative socialist chief who was the nation’s first Indigenous president, sought a fourth time period in workplace.

The presidential marketing campaign led to a contested vote rely, lethal protests and calls by the military for Mr. Morales to go away. He fled the nation, and many called it a coup. Others accused his authorities of making an attempt to rig the vote, to point out him successful by a large sufficient margin to keep away from a runoff.

The election and subsequent violence exposed deep rifts between the nation’s Indigenous and European-descendant populations.

When Mr. Morales left, his vp and the highest Senate leaders stepped down as nicely, leaving Ms. Añez, a senator from a small, conservative occasion and political foe of Mr. Morales, to take over as interim chief. Then, in late 2020, a brand new election was referred to as and won decisively by Luis Arce, an ally of Mr. Morales.

Each Mr. Morales and Ms. Añez used the judiciary to go after their critics. Mr. Arce, throughout his marketing campaign, had promised to show a brand new web page in Bolivian politics.

“I’ve no real interest in energy,” Mr. Arce mentioned in an interview shortly earlier than his election. He promised to remain in workplace simply 5 years — a distinction to Mr. Morales, who served for nearly 14 years and fought to remain longer — and focus on fixing the financial system.

By Friday afternoon, two of the ten people listed on the warrant had been apprehended by authorities: former power minister Rodrigo Guzmán and former justice minister Álvaro Coimbra, in accordance with Gina Hurtado, an aide to Mr. Guzmán.

Roger Cortéz, a professor emeritus of political science on the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés in La Paz, Bolivia’s political capital, mentioned that he noticed the arrests as an try by Mr. Arce’s authorities to current a present of drive at a time when it faces a number of political threats.

Ms. Añez, who has largely disappeared from the political map, doesn’t essentially current a hazard to Mr. Arce. In native elections held earlier this month, she completed in third place in a race for governor of the division of Beni.

However in that very same election, Mr. Arce’s occasion, Motion Towards Socialism, misplaced huge in a crucial mayoral race in a former stronghold referred to as El Alto. The winner of that seat, Eva Copa, was as soon as a number one member of the Motion Towards Socialism, however has since damaged away from the occasion.

Her skill to win with out occasion backing was a serious blow to the Motion Towards Socialism. She earned greater than 60 p.c of the vote.

On the identical time, Mr. Arce’s authorities is beneath growing scrutiny for its dealing with of the financial system and the coronavirus.

Mr. Cortéz mentioned that the order for Ms. Añez’s arrest was an try and distract from the federal government’s “technical, moral and sensible incapacity to confront critical issues.”

María Silvia Trigo contributed reporting from Tarija, Bolivia.