The director of the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention mentioned on Monday that Michigan wanted to enact shutdown measures in response to its worst-in-the-nation surge of coronavirus infections, rebuffing efforts by Gov. Gretchen Whitmer to safe an additional provide of vaccine doses.

“The reply is just not essentially to provide vaccine,” the director, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, mentioned at a White Home information convention. “The reply to that’s to actually shut issues down, to return to our fundamentals, to return to the place we have been final spring, final summer season, and to close issues down, to flatten the curve, to lower contact with each other, to check to the extent that we’ve got accessible to contact hint.”

The feedback put the Biden administration in direct contradiction with the governor, a powerful ally of the president, who has just lately resisted ordering extra restrictive measures in her state after going through intense political blowback over earlier strikes to close down companies and faculties. Final week, Ms. Whitmer asked residents of the state to take more “personal responsibility” to gradual the outbreak, a place that happy Republicans within the state who had been fierce critics of her dealing with of the pandemic.

“Coverage change alone gained’t change the tide,” Ms. Whitmer said on Friday, as she requested — however didn’t order — that the general public take a two-week break from indoor eating, in-person highschool and youth sports activities. “We’d like everybody to step up.”

Throughout earlier surges in Michigan, Ms. Whitmer shut down companies and faculties as she noticed match, drawing intense protest from Republicans within the state, who seen her as an avatar of presidency overreach. The state nonetheless has a masks mandate in place and strict capability limits on a variety of actions.

Dr. Walensky mentioned on Monday that as a result of it takes weeks for full safety for vaccines to kick in, the consequences of sending additional vaccines to the state would take time and never be probably the most sensible strategy to containing unfold. Somebody is just not thought of absolutely vaccinated till two weeks after the second dose of the vaccines made by Moderna or Pfizer-BioNTech, or the single-dose shot made by Johnson & Johnson.

“I believe if we tried to vaccinate our approach out of what’s occurring in Michigan we’d be upset that it took so lengthy for the vaccine to work, to really have the influence,” she mentioned. “Equally, we want that vaccine in different places. If we vaccinate at present, we can have, you understand, influence in six weeks, and we don’t know the place the subsequent place goes to be that’s going to surge.”

Ms. Whitmer has pleaded with the White Home to ship additional doses, at the same time as her state has used simply 78 p.c of these delivered up to now, according data reported by the C.D.C. She mentioned on the CBS program “Face the Nation” on Sunday that the White Home ought to reconsider its refusal to alter its distribution plan — at present based mostly on inhabitants — in order that localities that face flare-ups may get additional doses.

“I made the case for a surge technique. At this level that’s not being deployed, however I’m not giving up,” Ms. Whitmer said last week, describing a Thursday night name with the president. “At this time it’s Michigan and the Midwest. Tomorrow it may very well be one other part of our nation.”

Ms. Whitmer has emphasised demand for Johnson & Johnson’s one-dose vaccine, which will be extremely limited until federal regulators approve manufacturing at a Baltimore manufacturing plant that just lately contaminated as much as 15 million doses in a manufacturing facility mixup.

Andy Slavitt, a White Home pandemic adviser, mentioned on Monday that as an alternative of taking part in “whack-a-mole” with vaccines, the federal authorities was working to assist Michigan extra effectively administer the doses it has now and “rebalance” its provide.

“We all know there are appointments accessible in numerous elements of the state, and in order that signifies that we’ve got extra vaccine in some elements of the state,” he mentioned.

Mr. Slavitt mentioned that the federal administration had additionally supplied to ship Michigan additional provides of monoclonal antibody therapies and testing, and that there was a crew from the C.D.C. within the state, along with 140 new vaccinators from the Federal Emergency Administration Company.

Elizabeth Hertel, the director of the Michigan Division of Well being and Human Providers, mentioned final week that she was optimistic that the continued rollout of vaccines and the governor’s new suggestions would assist deliver case numbers down. But when that didn’t occur, she mentioned, extra restrictions have been attainable.