THURSDAY, Might 13, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Like sure well being situations together with most cancers, diabetes and high blood pressure, new analysis exhibits that having HIV or AIDS will increase an individual’s danger of catching and dying from COVID-19.
For the examine, researchers from Penn State School of Medication assessed knowledge from 22 earlier research of 21 million individuals in North America, Africa, Europe and Asia.
The investigators discovered that folks living with HIV had a 24% larger danger of an infection with SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), and a 78% larger danger of COVID-related loss of life than individuals with out HIV.
“Earlier research had been inconclusive on whether or not or not HIV is a danger issue for susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 an infection and poor outcomes in populations with COVID-19,” mentioned lead researcher Dr. Paddy Ssentongo, an assistant professor at Penn State’s Heart for Neural Engineering.
“It is because a overwhelming majority of individuals dwelling with HIV/AIDS are on ART [antiretroviral therapy], a few of which have been used experimentally to deal with COVID-19,” he defined in a Penn State information launch.
About 38 million individuals worldwide stay with HIV or AIDS, in response to the World Well being Group. Sure pre-existing situations are frequent amongst individuals dwelling with HIV/AIDS, which can contribute to the severity of their COVID-19 instances.
Amongst those that had been HIV-positive, the most typical pre-existing well being situations had been hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and persistent kidney disease.
About 66% of the examine individuals had been males, with a median age of 56. Most of these with HIV/AIDS (96%) had been on antiretroviral remedy, which helps suppress the quantity of HIV detected within the physique.
The helpful results of antiviral medicine (akin to protease inhibitors) in decreasing the danger of SARS-CoV-2 an infection and loss of life from COVID-19 in individuals dwelling with HIV/AIDS stay inconclusive, the examine authors famous.
Researcher Vernon Chinchilli, chair of Penn State’s division of public well being sciences, mentioned, “Because the pandemic has advanced, we have obtained ample data to characterize the epidemiology of HIV/SARS-CoV-2 co-infection, which couldn’t be performed at first of the pandemic as a consequence of shortage of information. Our findings assist the present Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention steerage to prioritize individuals dwelling with HIV to obtain a COVID-19 vaccine.”
The findings had been printed lately within the journal Scientific Reviews.
The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention has more information on COVID-19.
SOURCE: Penn State Well being, information launch, Might 11, 2021