MOUNT MERON, Israel — Calls for for accountability after a disaster that left 45 people dead at a holy site in northern Israel mounted on Saturday as questions swirled concerning the culpability of the federal government, spiritual leaders and the police.

The stampede on Mount Meron early Friday throughout an annual pilgrimage, one in every of Israel’s worst civil disasters, was foreshadowed for years in warnings by native politicians, journalists and ombudsmen that the positioning had change into a demise lure.

On Saturday, the Israeli information media reported that senior police officers had blamed the Ministry of Non secular Providers as a result of it had signed off earlier within the week on security procedures for the occasion.

However a police spokesman mentioned that no further precautions had been taken to safe the positioning for the reason that stampede. Three cops on responsibility on the mountain mentioned that they had obtained no directions to restrict crowds for the reason that deaths on Friday. Pilgrims who remained on the mountain continued to stroll by means of the positioning of the stampede, which had not been cordoned off.

Politicians and political commentators accused the police and different authorities of taking part in a component within the tragedy. A type of below scrutiny is the minister for public safety, Amir Ohana, who oversees the police and rescue companies and attended the pilgrimage himself.

Successive Israeli governments have been blamed for turning a blind eye to issues of safety on the mountain for greater than a decade to keep away from alienating the ultra-Orthodox Jews who attend the annual celebration, recognized in Hebrew as a hillula. Seven of the final 9 Israeli governing coalitions have relied on the assist of ultra-Orthodox events.

Referring to the minister for public safety, Anshel Pfeffer, a political commentator and writer, wrote within the liberal Israeli newspaper Haaretz, “Ohana wouldn’t have thought-about — not even for a minute — to limit arrivals to the hillula at Meron and anger the ultra-Orthodox politicians who management the destiny of his grasp, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.”

“However neither did his predecessors think about it,” he added.

Mr. Netanyahu is at the moment struggling to cobble collectively a brand new coalition authorities that can require the assist of two ultra-Orthodox events to have an opportunity of forming a parliamentary majority.

A senior police officer, Morris Chen, mentioned on Friday evening that police protocols had not been influenced by political interference.

Mr. Ohana, the general public safety minister, posted on Twitter that police had completed their finest.

“There should be and will likely be a radical, in-depth and actual inquiry that can uncover how and why this occurred,” he later mentioned in a video, including, “From the underside of my coronary heart I want to share within the sorrow of the households that misplaced probably the most treasured factor of all, and to want a swift and full restoration to the injured.”

The legal professional basic, Avichai Mandelblit, tasked an unbiased watchdog that investigates claims of police wrongdoing with assessing accusations of police negligence within the buildup to the catastrophe.

However on Saturday, Kan, the state-run broadcaster, mentioned that the watchdog was reluctant to supervise the investigation due to the roles performed by different officers and our bodies past the police.

Tons of of hundreds of ultra-Orthodox Jews go to Mount Meron every spring for the competition of Lag b’Omer. It honors the demise of a second-century Jewish mystic, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, whose tomb is on the mountain.

Crowds have been banned in 2020, however about 100,000 returned this 12 months after a profitable vaccination drive that has allowed a lot of Israeli life to return to one thing approaching normalcy.

The occasion has lengthy prompted calls to restrict the variety of pilgrims allowed to attend. The location is a warren of slender, sloping passageways and small, cramped plazas that guests have usually warned have been unsuitable for crowds.

The catastrophe started within the early hours of Friday morning as crowds gathered in a small area beside the tomb to look at the lighting of a number of ceremonial bonfires. 1000’s of individuals then tried to go away by the use of a steep, slender slope that ultimately connects, through a brief financial institution of steps, to a slender tunnel.

As they neared the steps to the tunnel, some on the entrance slipped on the metallic flooring of the slope, witnesses mentioned. That created a sudden blockage, trapping a whole bunch on the backside. As an increasing number of pilgrims continued to go away the ceremony above, they started trampling on these under them.

In 2008 and 2011, the state comptroller, a authorities watchdog, warned that the positioning’s pathways have been too slender to accommodate so many individuals. The native council chief mentioned that he had tried to shut it not less than thrice.

In 2013, the police chief of northern Israel warned colleagues of the potential for a lethal accident. And in 2018, the editor of a serious Haredi journal mentioned it was a recipe for catastrophe.

On Friday evening, a present consultant of the state comptroller mentioned that the shortage of a coherent management construction on the web site made it tougher to implement a correct security system there.

Totally different components of the positioning fall below the jurisdiction of 4 competing non-public spiritual establishments, all of which resist state intervention.

There was “one primary fault,” Liora Shimon, deputy director basic on the comptroller, informed Kan. “It’s the truth that this web site is just not below the accountability of 1 single administration.”

A survivor of the tragedy, Yossi Amsalem, 38, mentioned that chaotic web site administration had contributed to the crush, however stopped wanting attributing blame to any explicit group. Mr. Amsalem mentioned that the passageway the place the crush occurred had been used for two-way site visitors, which had made it even tougher to maneuver.

“The trail ought to both be for going up or taking place,” Mr. Amsalem mentioned from a hospital mattress in Safed, a metropolis throughout the valley from Meron. “There shouldn’t be this confusion.”

The tragedy drew sympathy and solidarity from throughout the religious-secular divide in Israel. Well being staff mentioned that 2,200 Israelis had donated blood to assist these injured on Mount Meron. Flags will likely be flown at half-staff on Sunday at official state buildings because the nation observes a day of nationwide mourning.

However the disaster additionally reignited a debate about religious-secular tensions in Israel, and concerning the quantity of autonomy that needs to be granted to components of the ultra-Orthodox neighborhood that resist state management.

Whereas many ultra-Orthodox Jews play energetic roles in Israeli life, some reject the idea of Zionism, whereas others reject participation within the Israeli navy or work drive and resist state intervention of their schooling system.

The tensions soared during the pandemic, when components of the neighborhood infuriated the secular public by ignoring state-enforced coronavirus laws, even because the illness devastated their ranks at a far larger fee than the remainder of the inhabitants.

For survivors of the Meron catastrophe, the crush subsequently turned the newest in a collection of struggles and setbacks, as a substitute of a joyous post-pandemic return to normalcy and custom.

“It’s been such a tough 12 months,” mentioned Moshe Helfgot, a 22-year-old whose proper leg was damaged in two locations within the crush. “And now there may be yet one more catastrophe.”

Irit Pazner Garshowitz and Jonathan Rosen contributed reporting.