Because the risk from the coronavirus pandemic grew in early 2020, so did many governors’ govt powers. And not using a federal plan, it fell to the states to challenge lockdown and stay-at-home orders, mandate masks, and shut colleges and companies.

Practically 14 months later, with states transferring to reopen amid a drastic drop in new cases, legislators have been asking concerning the present want for restrictions. And simply how a lot sweeping authority do governors must have throughout a public well being emergency.

Voters in Pennsylvania this week became the first in the United States to help check an executive’s authority throughout an emergency interval. The state’s Democratic governor, Tom Wolf, and its Republican-controlled legislature sparred over Mr. Wolf’s emergency actions, which included closing colleges and plenty of companies, in the course of the pandemic.

Two measures handed on Tuesday in Pennsylvania, each with about 54 % approval. The state’s Structure will likely be amended to finish a governor’s emergency catastrophe declaration after 21 days. And lawmakers, with a easy majority, will likely be given the one authority to increase or finish the emergency catastrophe declaration. The poll questions had been pushed ahead by Republican legislators.

At polling stations, many citizens advised Pennsylvania information shops that that they had been pushed to vote particularly due to the poll questions on govt energy. Beforehand, a governor may challenge a declaration for as much as 90 days and lengthen it indefinitely and the legislature would want a two-thirds majority to cease a declaration. Mr. Wolf’s first 90-day virus emergency went into impact in March 2020, and his newest extension ends this week. However the entire remaining capability restrictions on companies and social gatherings in Pennsylvania finish on Could 31.

“We had an extended interval to see how the present system works, and there was some thought that we may to raised,” Mr. Wolf said on Wednesday. “So I’m trying ahead to working with the legislature to determine the right way to make this work.”

In New Jersey, a Democrat-led legislature took the preliminary step this week to roll again dozens of Covid-related orders issued by Gov. Phil Murphy, additionally a Democrat. However the invoice that was launched additionally leaves the governor with expansive powers to use new measures in an emergency. Mr. Murphy is one of two governors to keep an indoor mask mandate, even for vaccinated folks; the opposite is Hawaii’s.

New govt orders associated to the pandemic are nonetheless being introduced. Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas, a Republican, said on Tuesday that counties, cities, public well being authorities and native authorities officers in his state could be prohibited from requiring folks to put on masks. His order got here days after federal well being officers announced new guidance that inspired individuals who have been absolutely vaccinated to forgo masks in most conditions.

Democratic lawmakers in Connecticut, although, supported an extension this week of Gov. Ned Lamont’s expanded pandemic powers by means of mid-July. They have been set to run out this week. Lawmakers argued that govt orders have been nonetheless wanted to handle the vaccine rollout and federal reduction funds.

However maybe no governor greater than Andrew M. Cuomo, Democrat of New York, has confronted a much bigger rebuke in his use of emergency powers by a Democratic-controlled legislature. In February, the physique curtailed Mr. Cuomo’s emergency powers, and in late April, it suspended a few of his pandemic directives, together with a rule that required New Yorkers to order food with their alcohol orders at bars and eating places.

Mr. Cuomo additionally faces federal and state investigations, together with one trying into his reporting of deaths at nursing house in the course of the pandemic.