As violence raged between Israeli and Hamas for 10 days, President Biden spoke with Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, privately six occasions, conversations through which he pressed him to reply a easy query: “How does this finish?”

Mr. Biden’s tactic was to keep away from public condemnation of Israel’s bombing of Gaza — or perhaps a public name for a cease-fire — with a purpose to construct up capital with Mr. Netanyahu after which exert strain in personal when the time got here, in line with two individuals conversant in the administration’s inner debates.

In personal conversations, Mr. Biden and different American officers reiterated to the Israelis that that they had achieved some vital navy goals in opposition to Hamas, the militant group that fired 1000’s of rockets at Israel from Gaza, together with focusing on its tunnel networks. Mr. Biden pressed Mr. Netanyahu on what his goal was, and what would enable him to say he had achieved it so {that a} shorter struggle was potential, moderately than a drawn-out navy battle.

In response, in line with the individuals conversant in the discussions, Mr. Netanyahu didn’t lay out particular goals that he needed to accomplish earlier than agreeing to a cease-fire.

On the identical time, Richard N. Haass, president of the Council on Overseas Relations, cautioned in opposition to exaggerating how a lot credit score Mr. Biden deserved for setting the stage for a truce.

“About 90 p.c of the rationale for the cease-fire is that each Hamas and the federal government of Israel decided that prolonging the battle didn’t serve their pursuits,” Mr. Haass stated. “This was a cease-fire that primarily was able to occur.”

In his public feedback, Mr. Biden refused to affix the rising calls from world leaders and lots of of his fellow Democrats for a cease-fire, or specific something wanting help for Israel’s proper to defend itself.

Dennis B. Ross, who has served as Center East envoy to a few presidents, stated a public demand for a cease-fire may have backfired. Had Mr. Biden referred to as for a cease-fire, Mr. Ross stated, “Bibi’s political want to face as much as him would have been a lot better.”

Mr. Biden’s strategy, he added, additionally despatched a message to Hamas. “The extra they understood we weren’t going to be pressuring Israel that means, the extra they understood they will’t rely on us stopping Israel,” he stated.

Mr. Biden’s technique of quiet diplomacy was supposed to construct credibility with the Israelis, with a purpose to privately push them towards an finish to the violence in a ultimate dialog with Mr. Netanyahu on Wednesday. And it took under consideration the necessity to tread fastidiously with Mr. Netanyahu.

Conscious of the errors made by the USA in attempting to mediate the 2014 Israel-Gaza battle, Mr. Biden and his group didn’t need the USA to turn out to be the main focus of the story. As a substitute, Mr. Biden tried to create area for Mr. Netanyahu, whom he’ll want as a associate sooner or later in coping with Iran, to realize his goals.

“Israel and the USA are going to have huge issues to work out, specifically Iran,” Mr. Haas stated. “The president needed to be cautious in how he dealt with Bibi. Each wanted to take care of a working relationship in order that if and when the Iran scenario moved to the entrance burner, they’d have the ability to work collectively.”

Mr. Biden started his conversations with Mr. Netanyahu by making no calls for. That helped to pave the best way for a gently worded assertion that got here after their third cellphone name, through which Mr. Biden stated he would help a cease-fire, however stopped wanting demanding one.

In observe up conversations on Tuesday and Wednesday, Mr. Biden constructed up the strain by demanding privately to Mr. Netanyahu the necessity for a cease-fire.